Treatment of Cardiac Tamponade

In patients with a diagnosis of pericardial effusion, especially when accompanied by symptoms or signs of cardiac tamponade, a number of therapeutic interventions are possible. These include emergency stabilization with hydration, avoidance of vasodilators, and potentially pressors. Pericardiocentesis, surgical pericardial windowing, or percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy are potential therapies.

You will learn:

  • To distinguish early emergency therapy for cardiac tamponade from more definitive therapies
  • To describe the techniques for pericardiocentesis in the cardiac catheterization laboratory
  • To summarize surgical therapies for cardiac tamponade and/or recurrent pericardial effusions
  • To review the analysis of fluid removed during treatment of pericardial effusions

Author(s): Michael Ragosta III, MD

Estimated time to complete: 30 minutes

Credit hours: 30 minutes

Method and Medium: Learners participate in the interactive learning modules by correctly answering multiple choice questions dispersed throughout. Learners will be prompted to try again if a question is answered incorrectly.

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