Congenital Heart Disease in Adults 2: Simple Defects

The purpose of this Congenital Heart Disease in Adults series is to assist the learner in the echocardiographic assessment and management of adult patients with a history of congenital heart disease, many of whom were previously operated on and re­‐present for surgical intervention in early adulthood (e.g., pulmonary valve replacement after Tetralogy of Fallot repair).

You will learn:

  • Simple cardiac defects in adults including patent foramen ovale, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis, and pulmonic stenosis

Author(s): Robert H Thiele, MD

Estimated time to complete: 30 minutes

Credit hours: .5

Method and Medium: Learners participate in the interactive learning modules by correctly answering multiple choice questions dispersed throughout. Learners will be prompted to try again if a question is answered incorrectly.

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