Defects in the interventricular septum can be large or small and may be congenital or acquired, as in patients after myocardial infarction. The ventricular septum has a superior membranous portion and an inferior muscular component and each may be associated with abnormalities. The defects are among the most common congenital cardiac anomalies in infants and children.

Course Details

In this course, you will learn:
  • To define the types and frequencies of VSD locations
  • To assess the determinants of shunt size in VSD
  • To recognize the associations and clinical features of VSD
  • To calculate shunt fractions using data derived from patients with VSD.
  • To interpret angiographic, hemodynamic, and oximetry data in VSD from the cardiac cath lab

Method and medium:

Learners participate in the interactive learning modules by correctly answering multiple choice questions dispersed throughout. Learners will be prompted to try again if a question is answered incorrectly.

The course will open in a new tab – to exit the course, simply close that tab.

Estimated time to Complete: 20 minutes
Credit/contact hours: .25
Expiration date: May 9, 2021
Publication date: May 10, 2018

User Rating: 5/5 (1) Rating Details

Course Authors

Andrew Bishop, MD, FACC


Dr. Andrew Bishop is a practicing cardiologist at Wilmington Health in Wilmington, NC.
Learn More about Andrew Bishop, MD, FACC.

DISCLOSURE: Dr. Bishop has disclosed no financial relationship or interest with any proprietary entity producing healthcare goods or services.

Michael Ragosta III, MD

Professor of Medicine/Cardiology

Dr. Michael Ragosta is an attending cardiologist at the University of Virginia Health System with a sub-specialty in interventional cardiology. 
Learn More about Michael Ragosta III, MD.

DISCLOSURE: This individual reports no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.