Femoral arterial and venous access have been a mainstay of diagnostic and interventional cardiology for decades. While the majority of cases are now done with radial arterial access in many laboratories, femoral access continues to be performed in many cases and offers unique advantages in selected patients, for example in patients with bilateral intact internal mammary artery (IMA) coronary bypass grafts or in patients with poor upper extremity vascular access such as in many hemodialysis patients with renal failure. Femoral cases can be performed safely, but meticulous attention should be paid to all aspects of femoral artery and venous access sites.

Course Details

In this course, you will learn:
  • To correctly identify anatomic landmarks including bony landmarks such as the femoral head in relation to vascular structures
  • To enumerate factors that increase the risk of femoral access
  • To discuss the typical equipment used for vascular access including needles, wires, and catheters/sheaths
  • To recognize complexities of femoral and iliac anatomy and to understand potential remedies

Method and medium:

Learners participate in the interactive learning modules by correctly answering multiple choice questions dispersed throughout. Learners will be prompted to try again if a question is answered incorrectly.

The course will open in a new tab – to exit the course, simply close that tab.


Estimated time to Complete: 45 minutes
Credit/contact hours: .75
Expiration date: Sept 4, 2022
Publication date: Sept 4, 2019

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Course Author

Michael Ragosta III, MD

Professor of Medicine/Cardiology

Dr. Michael Ragosta is an attending cardiologist at the University of Virginia Health System with a sub-specialty in interventional cardiology. 
Learn More about Michael Ragosta III, MD.

DISCLOSURE: This individual reports no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.